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【原创】学考复习语法篇:反义疑问句  

2013-04-03 14:33:52|  分类: 2013年学考复习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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反意疑问句

反意疑问句是由陈述句和附在其后的附加疑问句组成。其中附加疑问句是对陈述句所说的事实或观点提出疑问,起证实作用,一般用于证实说话者所说的事实或观点。翻译为是吗

1. 基本原则:“前肯后否,前否后肯”(肯定+否定?/否定+肯定?

① You can’t do it, can you? 你不能做它,是吗?

   ②They are very late for the meeting,  aren’t they? 他们开会迟到了,是吗?

2. 

陈述部分带有little, few, never, hardly, seldom,nobody, nothing,rarely, scarcely等否定意义的词时,问句部分用肯定式。

      ①She never tells a lie, does she?(不用doesn’t she?)  她从不说谎,是吗?

   ②He was seldom late, was he?(不用wasn’t he?) 他几乎不迟到,是吗?

3. 陈述部分带否定前缀的单词(dislikeunfair)时,问句部分仍用定式。

    He dislikes reading this book, doesn't he? 他不喜欢读这本书,是吗?

4. 回答时,如果情况属实,用Yes加上反问句的倒装肯定句;若果情况不属实,则用No加上反问句的倒装否定句。

   You were moved by your students, weren’t  you?

   情况属实:Yes, I were.

   情况不属实:No, I weren’t.

1.Few of them hurt themselves in the accident last night, __________?

(A) don't they (B) didn't they (C) did they (D) do they

2. ——You've never seen dinosaur eggs, have you?

——_________. How I wish to visit the Dinosaur World.

(A) Yes, I have (B) No, I haven't (C) Certainly, I have (D) Of course, I haven't

3. His sister had a bad cough, ________ she?

(A) wasn't (B) doesn't (C) hadn't (D) didn't

4. John can hardly understand any Chinese, _______ he?

(A) can't (B) doesn't (C) can (D) does

5. Don't smoke in the meeting room, ________?

(A) do you (B) will you (C) can you (D) could you

6. Lucy, you clean the blackboard today, ________?

(A) do you (B) did you (C) will you (D) can you

7. Miss Cheng will never forget her first visit to Canada, _______?

(A) will she (B) won't she (C) isn't she (D) wasn't she

8. The lady couldn't say a word when she saw the snake, ________?

(A) could the lady (B) couldn't the lady (C) could she (D) couldn't she

9. Tina is unhappy now, _________?

(A) isn't she (B) is she (C) is he (D) did she

10. My uncle has never been to a foreign country, _________?

(A) has he (B) does he (C) hasn't he (D) doesn't he

11. There is some water in that bottle, isn't _________?

(A) there (B) it (C) that (D) those

12. ——Let's go and play football, _______?

——That's wonderful.

(A) will you (B) do you (C) won't you (D) shall we

13. ——The boy has to stay at home to look after his little sister, ________?

—— Yes, because his mother has gone shopping.

(A) does he (B) is he (C) doesn't he (D) hasn't he

14. ——You won't follow his example, will you?

——_______, I don't think he is right.

(A) No, I won't (B) Yes, I will (C) No, I will (D) Yes, I won't

15. What about Sally? She's done her best these days, _________?

(A) hasn't she (B) isn't Sally (C) hasn't Sally (D) isn't she

16. Nothing is difficult in the world if you put your heart into it, _________?

(A) aren't they (B) are they (C) isn't it (D) is it

17. Peter hardly had time for concerts at that time, ________?

(A) wasn't he (B) was he (C) didn't he (D) did he

18. ——There is some soup on the table, isn't _______?

——No, I think that's water.

(A) there (B) it (C) that (D) one

19. ——It looks like rain, doesn't it?

——_________. And I forgot my raincoat.

(A) No, it isn't (B) Yes, it is (C) No, it doesn't (D) Yes, it does

20.——Haven't you ever studeid with a group?

——__________. I've learned a lot that way.

Yes, I have (B) No, I haven't (C) Yes, I did (D) No, I didn't
1.Few of them hurt themselves in the accident last night, __________?

(C) did they
-----陈述部分含有 few , little , seldom , hardly , never , not , no , no one ,nobody , nothing , none , neither 等 ,反问句应用肯定结构。

2. ——You've never seen dinosaur eggs, have you?

——_________. How I wish to visit the Dinosaur World.

(B) No, I haven't
--想看恐龙世界,所以选没看过。

3. His sister had a bad cough, ________ she?

(D) didn't
--- have 不表示拥有的意思时 , 反问句谓语多用 don't。这里是过去时。

4. John can hardly understand any Chinese, _______ he?

(C) can
---陈述部分含有 few , little , seldom , havdly , never , not , no , no one ,nobody , nothing , none , neither 等 ,反问句应用肯定结构。

5. Don't smoke in the meeting room, ________?

(B) will you
--否定祈使句 + will you

6. Lucy, you clean the blackboard today, ________?

(C) will you
----肯定祈使句 + will you ? 多表“ 请求 ”。

7. Miss Cheng will never forget her first visit to Canada, _______?

(A) will she
----陈述部分含有 few , little , seldom , havdly , never , not , no , no one ,nobody , nothing , none , neither 等 ,反问句应用肯定结构。

8. The lady couldn't say a word when she saw the snake, ________?

(C) could she
---必须使用代词。前面否定后面肯定。

9. Tina is unhappy now, _________?

(A) isn't she
---Tina是女孩名字。陈述部分所含的否定词是加前缀或后缀所构成的 ,反问句要用否定结构 。

10. My uncle has never been to a foreign country, _________?

(A) has he
----陈述部分含有 few , little , seldom , havdly , never , not , no , no one ,nobody , nothing , none , neither 等 ,反问句应用肯定结构。

11. There is some water in that bottle, isn't _________?

(A) there
---陈述部分用 " There be + 主语 " 句式 ,反问句用 there 作主语 。

12. ——Let's go and play football, _______?

——That's wonderful.

(D) shall we
--- Let's ... + shall we 或 shan't we ?

13. ——The boy has to stay at home to look after his little sister, ________?

—— Yes, because his mother has gone shopping.
(C) doesn't he
---陈述部分含have to结构,反问句谓语多用 don't , 间或也用 haven't

14. ——You won't follow his example, will you?

——_______, I don't think he is right.

(A) No, I won't
---我认为他不对,自然不学他。用否定。

15. What about Sally? She's done her best these days, _________?

(A) hasn't she
----必须使用代词。前肯定后否定。

16. Nothing is difficult in the world if you put your heart into it, _________?
(D) is it
----------陈述部分含有 few , little , seldom , havdly , never , not , no , no one ,nobody , nothing , none , neither 等 ,反问句应用肯定结构。另外陈述部分主语是 everything , nothing , anything , something ,反问句主语用 it

17. Peter hardly had time for concerts at that time, ________?
(D) did he
----陈述部分含有 few , little , seldom , havdly , never , not , no , no one ,nobody , nothing , none , neither 等 ,反问句应用肯定结构。

18. ——There is some soup on the table, isn't _______?

——No, I think that's water.

(A) there
----陈述部分用 " There be + 主语 " 句式 ,反问句用 there 作主语 。

19. ——It looks like rain, doesn't it?

——_________. And I forgot my raincoat.

(D) Yes, it does
---因为要下雨,所以选择肯定。

20.——Haven't you ever studeid with a group?

——__________. I've learned a lot that way.

(A) Yes, I have
-----学了很多。所以用肯定。
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