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【原创】Module 8 Unit 1 The written word(教案全)  

2013-06-19 18:22:07|  分类: 课件教案 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Welcome to the unit

Teaching aims

1.      Enable the students to talk about their opinions on reading books.

2.      Help the students learn how to talk about their ideas of different kinds of books.

Teaching important and difficult points

Teach the students to talk about differences between different kinds of books.

Teaching methods:

Talking and group-work

Teaching procedures and ways:

Step 1 Brief introduction of the unit

In this unit, you will

read a student’s essay about appreciatingliterature and a student’s report on Robert Burns

listen to information on how to write a literary review

discuss some classic literature and give your opinion on a literary review

write a literary review

recite a poem

Step 2  Lead in

What are the ways of entertainment?

Show some pictures on the screen and get them to say:

Watching TV, Listening to music, Reading books, Surfing the Internet,

Attending concerts, Having holidays, Enjoying food and exercise

Step 3  Brainstorming

What are the genres of literature?

Do you know some famous writers? Who are they?

What are the ways of reading?

Step 4 Genres of literature

drama, poetry, novels, short stories, science fictions…

Step 5 Reading aloud

The Day We Met

Gary R. Hess

I met you on Valentines Day

One year five months twelve days I saw your face

You came down from heaven and

opened my eyes

Your skin so smooth, so tender

Smile so bright, so loving

I have thought about you

in every way

Just sitting and wondering

about that day

We laughed, we smiled

We talked for a long while

That day with you was so great

And everyone passing is only

more wonderful

I love you more now,

than ever before

Question:

What kind of poem is this?

Step 6  Picture talking

1. Why might people want to join a book club?

2. What are the different ways to read?

3. Do you like science fiction? Can you name some science fiction books and their writers?

4. Do you like reading or writing poem? Which poem is your favorite?

Step 7  Discussion

1. If you were asked to recommend a book to a friend, what book would you choose? Why?

2. What are some of the differences between poetry and science fiction books?

Characteristics of poetry

emphasize rhythm, sound and imagery, express strong feelings

Themes of science fiction stories

What society might look like in the future, science discoveries, space travel

life on other planets, environmental changes

Nowadays, besides the traditional books, that is, books in print, do we have any other kinds of book?

Advantages and disadvantages of e-books

E-books have a lot of advantages. They save a lot of space. A CD can store many books and it weighs just a few grams so that it is much easier to carry some CDs than to carry a heavy suitcase full of books in print when travelling or moving house. E-books provide people with a more personalized way of reading as the readers can set the pages, adjust the point size of the text or change the background colour. Some even provide a voice function so that people can read their books by listening. Many people report that they read e-books faster than books in print. Besides, we can save a lot of trees because no paper will be used for e-books.

However, as many other electronic gadgets, e-books have disadvantages as well. To read e-books, people must first have an electronic device that can display them. Besides, when reading e-books, people cannot make notes or comments on the margin as they can with books in print. More importantly, e-books available online may hurt copyright holders.

3. Do you think that e-books will replace books in print?

Step 8 Language points

1. If you were asked to recommend a book to a friend, what book would you choose?

  1) subjunctive

  2) recommend:

2. Do you think that e-books will ever replace books in print?

  replace

Homework

1. Find more information about classic literature.

 

Reading

Appreciating literature

Teaching aims

1.      Enable the students to learn how to appreciate Great Expectations by reading a persuasive essay.

2.      Help the students learn to read a persuasive essay and appreciate literary works.

Teaching important and difficult points

Help the students learn how to appreciate literature by the text reading.

Teaching procedures & ways

Step 1: Fast reading

Go through the passage as quickly as possible and try to find answers to the three questions in part A on Page 2. Just focus on and identify the information needed to answer these questions.       

Answers

A 1 Classics are the antiques of the literary world including novels, plays and poems that were written a long time ago and were well written and received.

2 England’s greatest writer.

3 Seven years old.

Step 2: Detailed reading

1. Let’s read the passage a second time and complete Parts C1 and C2 on page 4.

2. Listen to the tape and try to complete Part D and Part E.

3. Read the text again and choose the best answers according to the text.

1. Some people think that classics are old-fashioned because of the following statements except __________.

A. they were written a long time ago.       

B. the language used in them is quite different from the language used today.

C. they are difficult for people to understand.        

D. They can only be found in bookshops and libraries.

2. Which of the following statements is wrong?

A. Clueless, the award-wining film is based on Charles Dickens’s novel.

B. The film based on Great Expectations was released in 1998.

C. At first, Charles Dickens published many novels in newspaper.

D. Good classics are examples of great writing and wisdom.

3. When and where is Great Expectations set in?

A. In the USA in the 1800s.         B. In England in the early 1800s.

C. In England in 1812..            D. In the USA in 1870.

Keys: D A B

Step 3  Discussion

What makes a good persuasive essay?

In persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to convince others to agree with our facts, share our values, accept our argument and conclusions, and adopt our way of thinking.

Step 4  Word study

Then learn the new words in the word list o page72.

Step 5 Language points

Step 6 Homework

  1. Remember the new words learnt in this period.
  2. Part E on page5.

 

Word power

Teaching aims:

1. Enable the students to learn more vocabularies related to literature.

2. Help the students to learn and use more literature expressions.

Teaching important and difficult points:

Help the students to use these expressions properly.

Teaching methods:

Reading, talking, summarizing, working together and sorting

Teaching aids:

A computer, a projector and some pictures

Teaching procedures & ways

Step 1: Lead in

1. As we discussed in the last period, poetry is a type of literature. Now, let’s enjoy some poems.

静夜思

床前明月光,疑是地上霜;举头望明月,低头思故乡。

Night Thoughts
        In front of my bed the moonlight is very bright,

I wonder if that can be frost on the floor?
       I lift up my head and look at the full moon, the dazzling moon.
      I drop my head, and think of the home of old days.

               七步诗

                           曹植

  煮豆燃豆萁, 豆在釜中泣。本是同根生,相煎何太急。

A poem written in 7 steps            

Cao Zhi

They were boiling beans on a beanstalk fire,

Came a plaintive voice from the pot,

“O, why since we sprang from the self-same root,

Should you kill me with anger hot?”

Sonnets

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate.

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer’s lease hath all too short a date…

能不能让我来把你比作夏日?

你可是更加温和,更加可爱:

狂风会吹落五月里开的好花儿,

夏季的生命又未免结束得太快……

2. Discussion:

1) What are the differences between poetry and other forms of literature?

① Poetry plays with sounds, words and grammar.

② Poetry is difficult to write, but interesting to read.

③ Poetry calls up all the colors, feelings, experiences and curious images of a dream world.

2) How many categories of literature can you name?

Step 2: Vocabulary learning

1. Now, read the article about different categories of literature in Part A. Find out all the types mentioned in the text and then fill in the chart below.

Category of literature

Description

 

 

 

 

Fiction

 

 

 

 

 

poetry

 

● has a repeated rhythm

● focuses on feelings

drama

 

● tells a story through action and speech

● first written and then performed on stage

short story

● only a few characters

● a simple plot

novel

science fiction

● many characters

● a complex plot

● popular

romance

 

 

Non-fiction

 

 

news article

● in a newspaper

● reports factual information

biography

describes the life of a person

autobiography

describes the author’s own life

2. Now, please match each writer with his/ her masterpiece.

 “Miss Brill”                                                Charles Dickens

 “Ode to a Nightingale”                               Katherine Mansfield

“Romeo and Juliet”                                     John Keats

“Great Expectations”:                                 William Shakespeare

 Would you choose one of the four famous literature figures and give an introduction of him or her?

Introduction of Katherine

New Zealand’s most famous writer, who was closely associated with D.H. Lawrence and something of a rival of Virginia Wolf. Mansfield’s creative years were burdened with loneliness, illness, jealousy, alienation——all this reflected in her work with the bitter depiction of marital and family relationships of her middle-class characters. Her short stories are also notable for their use of stream of consciousness. Like the Russian writer Anton Chekhov, Mansfield depicted trivial events and subtle changes in human behavior.

3. Now let’s come to Part C on page 7. Please finish it individually. You may use Parts A and B as reference.

Step 3: Vocabulary extension

1. Pair work: Complete Part D in pairs, you may consult a dictionary.

2. Discussion: Who is your favorite literature figure and why?

Homework

 

Grammar and usage

Teaching aims:

1.      Enable the students to learn different kinds of negative words and negative statements.

2.      Help the students to learn how to use these negative words and negative statements correctly.

Teaching important and difficult points:

Teach the students to use the negative words and negative statements correctly and properly.

Teaching methods:

Analyzing, summarizing and practicing

Teaching aids

A projector and a computer

Teaching procedures & ways

Step 1  Revision

Check the homework exercises

Step 2 Extension

I. There are some other patterns which can be used to express negation.

1  too + adjective +to-infinitive

In this pattern too, with the meaning ‘very’, is used before an adjective. After the adjective, an infinitive is used to mean ‘(somebody) cannot do’ or ‘something cannot be done’. Sometimes for somebody can be used before the infinitive. For example:

My father is too old to have such a long journey. (=My father is very old and cannot travel so long.)

    She is too happy to say a word at the party. (=She is so happy that she cannot say anything at the party.)

    The box is too heavy to carry. (=The box is so heavy that no one can carry it.)

    The house is too expensive for us to buy. (=The house is so expensive that we cannot buy it.)

 2  few + a countable noun; little +an uncountable noun

When we use few to modify a countable noun, we mean ‘not many’, and the noun should be in its plural form. When we use little to modify an uncountable noun, we mean ‘not much’. And few or little here has the negative meaning. For example:

    Few students in our class have ever read Katherine Mansfield’s short stories. (=Not many/Only one or two students in our class have ever read Katherine Mansfield’s short stories.)

    We have little rain all this summer. (=It almost does not rain during this summer.)

    Because few or little has the negative meaning, we do not use the negative form in question tags. For example:

    Few people liked his painting at that time, did they?

    There is little ink in the bottle, is there?

II. 关于英语中的否定句

1. 一般否定

I don’t know this. No news is good news.

There is no person /not a person/not any person in the house.

2. 特指否定

He went to his office, not to see him.

I am sorry for not coming on time

I don’t think/believe/suppose/feel/imagine you are right.

3. 部分否定

I don’t know all of them.

I can’t see everybody/everything

All the answers are not right.(并非所有答案都对。)

All is not gold that glitters. (闪光的不一定都是金子。)

Both of them are not right.(并非两人都对。)

4. 全体否定

None of my friends smoke

I can see nothing/nobody

Nothing can be so simple as this.

Neither of them is right.

5.  延续否定

You didn't see him, neither/nor did I.

You don't know, I don't know either.

He doesn't know English, let alone/to say nothing of/not to speak of French.

6.  半否定句

We seldom/hardly/scarcely/barely hear such fine singing.

I know little English.

I saw few people.

7.  双重否定

You can't make something out of nothing.

What's done cannot be undone.

There is no sweet without sweat.

No gain without pains.

I can't help /keep/ laughing whenever I hear it.

No man is so old but (that) he can learn.

8. 排除否定

Everyone is ready except you.

He did nothing but play.

But for your help, I couldn't do it.

9. 加强否定

I won't do it at all.

I can't see it any more.

He is no longer a boy.

Step 3  Consolidation

I. Multiple choice

1. His mother had talked to him for many minutes while he was watching TV, but _.

A. a little did he hear                       B. little did he hear

C. little heard he                                      D. a little heard he

2. During the war, ____but also he lost his wife and his child.

A. not was his job in the lab taken away   

B. not only was his job in the lab taken away

C. not merely his job in the lab was taken away 

D. not just was taken away his job in the lab

3. I think this is the first time that we have met.___anywhere.

A. Before have we never seen each other  

B. Never before we have seen each other

C. Each other have we seen never before   

D. Never before have we seen each other

4. —— The old man wouldn’t stay at home for a rest even if it rained.

  —— ____. He would feel sick if he stayed home for one day.

A. So would my grandpa                  B. So wouldn’t my grandpa

C. Neither would my grandpa          D. Nor wouldn’t my grandpa

5. By no means ___ to our plan for the trip.

A. will she agree    B. she will agree       C. agrees she           D. will agree she

6. They went into a small house but ___.

A. no persons did they find              B. not a person found they

C. not a person did they find            D. not a person they found

7. Henry often helps look after Granny Wang, but___.

A. seldom is George               B. seldom George does

C. seldom does George              D. seldom looks George after Granny Wang

8. Nothing but two ancient Chinese coins ____ after they took out the jar.

A. did they find in it                 B. they found in it   

C. in it did they find                 D. in it found they

II. Translation

1. 这两本书都不是英国出版的。

                                                                    

2. 你们当中我一个也不认识。

                                                                    

3.我不同意所有这些方案。

                                                                     

4.在他还没来之前,我们就把所有的工作都做完了。

                                                                    

5. 这些规章制度多不完善!

                                                                    

6. 未经允许,任何人不得入内。

                                                                    

7. 听到这个消息后,没有一个人不感到惊奇。

                                                                    

8. 人们直到失去了健康才知道健康的可贵。

                                                                    

9. 直到五月的一个星期六下午,玛格丽特才安排我与她姐姐见面。

                                                                    

10. 不久他就告诉了我们这件事。

                                                                    

11. 对他的成绩我们怎么赞扬也不过分。

                                                                     

12. 他刚进办公室,电话铃就响了。

                                                                    

13. 只有傻瓜才会做这种事情。

                                                                    

14. 她是班里最自私的了。

                                                                     

15. 他的失败完全是由于他自己的粗心大意。

                                                                    

Keys:

I. 1-5 BBDCA     6-8 CCA

II.

1. Neither of the books is published in England.

2. I know none of you.

3. I agree to none of these plans.

4. We had finished all the work before he came.

5. How imperfect the rules and regulations are!

6. Nobody can come in without permission.

7. Having heard the news, everybody felt surprised.

 There was nobody who did not feel surprised.

 There was nobody but felt surprised.

8. People do not know the blessing of health until they lose it

9. It was not until a Saturday afternoon in May that Margaret could arrange for me to meet her elder sister.

10. It wasn't long before he told us about this affair

11. We can hardly praise his achievement too much

12. No sooner had he entered the office than the telephone rang

13. None but a fool would do such a thing

14. Nobody is more selfish than her in the class

15. His failure was due to nothing else than his own carelessness

Homework

 

Task

Writing a review of a book or story

Teaching aims

1.      Enable the students to know how to write a review of a book or story

2.      Help the students to learn how to write a review of a book or story

3.      Teaching important and difficult points

How to analyze and get information to write a review of a book or story

Teaching methods

Listening, discussing, reading, analyzing and writing

Teaching procedures & ways

Skills building 1: listening for key words

First, I’m going to read a paragraph aloud to you. After that, I’d like you to use your own words to summarize what I read. So please listen to me attentively, paying special attention to the emphasized key words.

Just as a proverb says, 'Life is filled with twists and turns.' One can't gain any success if he or she never experiences difficulty or failure. In other words, trouble exists from beginning to end during our lifetime. Students may fail in their exams, scientists may fail in their experiments, and players may be defeated in their matches.

Discuss in pairs:

While listening to a lecture or a news report, do you always have to pay attention to every word the speaker uses?

What do you think are the most important words to pay attention to? Why do you think so?

1. Key words are often stressed.

2. There is often a pause before a key word.

3. Key words are often repeated.

4. Key word are often summarized.

Read the guidelines in Skills building 1 on Page 10. Try to give a speech, following the guidelines.

Step 1: recognizing key words

1. Suppose in your English class, your teacher is telling you how to write a review of a book or story. Now listen to this speech, trying to fill the table in Part A on Page 10.

2. Listen to the tape again, and check the answers.

3. What role do you think friendship plays in our daily life? Now, let’s read a short story. After that, you may get a better understanding of friendship.

4. Read the story again and then complete the table with the key words in the short story.

Skills building 2: asking for and giving opinions

1. Group work: Discussion: How to ask for and give opinions?

What do you think of…?

How do you like/find…?

How do you feel about…?

Do you think that…?

In my opinion,…

I think that…

As far as I’m concerned,…

Personally,…

2. Pair work: Create a situation and make a dialogue, you’ll practice using the phrases you listed just now.

3. Read the guidelines on Page 12.

Step 2: discussing a review of a book or story

1. Read the literary review of “The Attic” on page 12. Focus on the plot, characters and the theme of the story.

2. Have a discussion about the five questions listed below the review. Give your ideas freely.

3. Acting: Work in pairs, making a dialogue. One acts as the reporter and the other as the reader. Try to use as many questions as possible.

Skills building 3: writing a literary review

1. Read the guidelines at the top of page 13. Remember what should be included in a review.

2. Work in groups of four to write an outline of a literary review.

Step 3: writing your review

You are expected to write a literary review of “The home-made ball” based on the information you have collected in Steps 1 and 2 and through this to practice the skills you have learnt in Skills buildings 1, 2 and 3.

1. Review the information you have collected and the main points you need to include in writing a review.

2. Work in groups of four to write the review.

Homework

Project

Teaching aims

1.      Enable the students to learn the report on Robert Burns’s famous poem.

2.      Help the students learn the background of a poem and recite it.

Teaching important points

Let the students learn to enjoy classic poems and their background

Teaching difficult points

Help the students to learn how to get background of a poem chosen.

Teaching methods

Listening, talking, reading and pair-work

Teaching procedures & ways

Step 1  Introduction of Robert Burns

罗伯特·彭斯(RobertBurns,1759-1796),苏格兰诗人。1759125生于苏格兰高原的一个农民家庭,家庭经济拮据。他自幼爱好诗歌。1786年出版了《苏格兰方言主写的诗集》(Poems Chiefly in Scottish Dialect)。

他的诗歌内容多种多样,多以苏格兰方言写成,抒发了这位伟大的诗人对他的家乡和大自然的热爱之情,并歌颂友谊与爱情。1796年于贫病交加中辞逝。然而生活的困顿并不是他的作品给人的主要印象。他的作品充满了对现实生活的热爱,表现英格兰农村生活场景和诗人所追求的自由平等思想。彭斯的诗作主要以民歌为本,写了大量情诗,涉及爱情的各种变化,名篇诗作有《一朵红红的玫瑰》(A Red Red Rose),《我亲爱的约翰·安德森》(John Anderson, My Jo),《我心在高地》(My Heart’s in the Highland)等。现在传唱的《友谊地久天长》(Auld Lang Syne)的歌词就是取自这位诗人的诗作。

Step 2  Skimming

1. Read the report on the poetry of Robert Burns, Skim for the main idea of this article and tell how it is organized.

2. Pair work: Rearrange the events in the order of time. Fill in the following table:

Time

Event

1759

Robert Burns was born.

1780

The Romantic Movement started around 1780.

1794

The poem ‘A Red, Red Rose’ was published.

1796

Robert Burns died at the age of 37.

1830

The Romantic Movement ended

1877

The monument in honour of Burns was first shown to the public

Step 3 Listening

Listen to the article and fill in the following table about Robert Burns

 

Year of birth

Place of birth

Year of death

Family status

1759

Alloway, Scotland

1796

Poor

 

His first love

Name

Nelly Kirkpatrick

Effect on him

Encouraged him to start writing poetry

Main works

‘To a Mouse’; ‘The Holy Fair’; ‘A Red, Red Rose’

 

 

The movement

of poets

Name of the movement

Romantic Movement

Representative poets

John Keats; William Wordsworth; Robert Burns

Features

Romantic themes tend to be more emotional.

The poems are always about love, dreams or nature.

The way people

memorize him

*All of Scotland mourned his death, and afterwards many people donated money to support his widow and children. The monument to him was first publicly exhibited in 1877 and about 30,000 people attended the first exhibition.

*The house in Alloway, where Burns was born, is now a museum of his life and work.

Step 4 Read the poem

Read and recite the poem A Red, Red Rose, trying to understand the meaning of the poem.

Step 5  Project

1. Group work: Discuss the eight questions in Part B. Then prepare your project.

2. Present your project.

Homework

Read the passage in project and recite the poem.

 

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